Sutherland, Northern Cape, South Africa
Sutherland was named after Reverend Henry Sutherland. Because of its location and altitude it has some of the clearest and darkest night skies in the world. Sutherland is technologically advanced since it hosts the telescopes of the South African Astronomical Observatory.
Sutherland also hosts the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), the largest single telescope in the southern hemisphere, with a hexagonal mirror array 11 metres across. Although very similar to the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) in Texas, SALT has a redesigned optical system using more of the mirror array.
It will be able to record distant stars and galaxies a billion times too faint to be seen with the unaided eye - as faint as a candle flame at the distance of the moon. Other than the telescope, Sutherland does offer adventure and wildlife activities.